Item #16000136 Francois VALENTYN.

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[Amsterdam, 1726]

Bali, Indonesia.  VALENTYN, Francois  [Amsterdam: 1726]  Kaart Van Het Eyland Bali. J. van Braam en G. onder d Linden exc: Cum Privil.  17 ½ x 22 inches; 44.5 x 56 cm.  Fine, original outline color; fine condition.                                                                                                

A beautiful example of the first large-scale map of the captivating island of Bali.  Reflective of the fact that Bali was relatively bypassed by Europeans until the 19th century, Valentyn’s map was based on a small map by Lodewyckezoon that appeared over a century earlier in 1598.  Nevertheless, Valentyn updated his source map by adding many place names, navigational information (depths, anchorages, and a long sandbar), and far greater detail for the adjacent parts of the islands of Java and Lombok. 

Although Bali enchanted its first European visitors in the 16the century, it was not for long period colonized or commercially exploited by them for various reasons; the fact it was not a source of spices perhaps being the primary one.  In fact, the island did not come under complete control by the Dutch until 1841.  As much of Indonesia embraced Islam and in the absence of a large European presence, Bali became “a flourishing sanctuary for Hindu arts and traditions,” (Suarez) establishing its identity to this day.

Valentyn was a prominent historian of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) best known for his Oud en Nieuw Oost Indien, a vast illustrated account of the Dutch trading empire in Asia. He twice traveled to the East Indies and served as Calvinist minister in Ambon between 1686 and 1694. In preparing this monumental work, he was given privileged access to the previously secret archives of the VOC, containing transcripts and copies of important earlier Dutch voyages. It remains the main source for the early history of the East Indies, especially for Ambon, where the author lived for years, as well as for the Moluccas, Ceylon, Japan, China, and the Cape of Good Hope. This map appeared in the third volume of Valentyn's work.

Suarez, Early Mapping of Southeast Asia, p. 183; Shirley (BL Atlases) G.VALN-1a #24.

Price: $1,500.00

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