Item #16000057 MAKER UNKNOWN.

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A Broadside on Cloth Illustrating a Remington Rifle & its Use in Combat
[Spain, 1880s]

Militaria/ Arms Export History.  MAKER UNKNOWN [Spain, c. 1880s]  Panuelo De Instruccion Militar... 25 x 30 ¾  inches.  Lithograph in red & black printed on cotton.  Lightly age-toned, few small holes, overall excellent of this type.                                                                

A fascinating broadside printed on cloth, illustrating the Springfield rolling block rifle, Model 1871, as well as its use in numerous infantry tactical situations that are described and illustrated here.  The rifle was manufactured by the Springfield Armory under a royalty agreement with the Remington Arms Company, which originated its design.  As explained below, this weapon figured into the beginnings of the now massive U. S. arms export industry.

This broadside was a serious training manual that was issued to all Spanish soldiers at the time serving in various theatres, including the Philippines and Puerto Rico.  The work explains the construction, operation and maintenance of this breach-loading rifle, and by means of 20 captioned vignettes, it illustrates and explains a variety of small unit, combat tactics.  The durability of cloth was likely the primary reason for the popularity of works like this in European armies at the time.

The faster, simpler breach-loading rifle was at the time a relatively recent innovation.  Its use by Union forces gave the North a distinct advantage over the Confederacy whose armies primarily used muzzle-loading weapons.  Although this particular iteration of the weapon was developed just after the Civil War, it played a role in the beginnings of the U. S. arms export industry.  Today this mammoth industry accounts for 37% of the arms exported throughout the world, by far the largest market share in this sector. This weapon was moderately successful in the United States, though the initial order by the U. S. Government of 10,000 was rejected and returned to the company due to faulty sites.  However, somehow, Remington managed to offload the rejected rifles to France.  In fact, the rifles were a great success in Europe, with Spain, which purchased 50,000, by far the largest buyer.  Numerous other countries, among them France, Chile, Argentina, Cuba, Greece, and Puerto Rico, also purchased this rifle.



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